雅思阅读医学类根本常用词汇

源由:中国护理网  作者:www.bxcxtz.cn  (审查繁难)

  1) backbone/spine 脊椎

  The backboneor spine 脊骨或脊柱

  2)sputum 唾液、痰

  3)esophagus 食道管

  4)skull 颅骨 脑壳 感情 智能

   thick skull 感情痴钝

  skull and cross-bones (暗示凶险的)骷髅图;[古]海盗旗

   The terms saturated fat has become a skull and crossbones in people's minds.

  疾病名称界线:

   1)diabetes 糖尿病 (=diabetes mellitus)

   2)hypertension 高血压 hypotension 低血压

  Hypertension and diabetes can cause havoc(捣蛋) in other ways.

  高血压和糖尿病能够在另外方面发作大的破环。

  3)chronic 慢性病

  4)heart disease 心脏病

   5)heartburn 胃痛 胃炙热

   6)stroke 中风

  7)stiffneck 落枕

   A stiff neck with a fever is one of the first symptoms of meningitis(脑膜炎),an inflammation(发炎、炎症) of the brain and spinal-cord(脊髓) coverings.

   8)cholera 霍乱

  9)wheezing 哮喘

  其他相关界线:

  1)hormone 荷尔蒙, 激素

  Menopausal women should seek hormone replacement therapy.

   更年期的妇女应试验荷尔蒙抵偿疗法。

   2)acid 酸 酸性的 (acid base balance 酸碱平衡)

  3)valve 阀门 瓣膜

   4)melamine 三聚氰胺

   5)cholesterol 胆固醇

  The saturated (饱和)fats raise blood cholesteroland contribute to heart disease,while the unsaturated fats in vegetable oil and fish oil lower the risk of heart disease.

   6) LDL: low density lipoprotein 低密度脂蛋白

  HDL: high density lipoprotein 高密度脂蛋白

   Most nutritionists recommend the monounsaturated(单一不饱和的) fats in olive and canola oils(玉米油) because they slightly lower LDL and slightly raise HDL.

   When eaten instead of junk food high in saturated fats (like potato chips and doughnuts), nuts lower blood levels of triglyceridesand LDL (bad)cholesterol while raising HDL (good) cholesterol -- a perfect formula for preventing heart disease.

  用干果取代含有大量饱和脂肪的“垃圾”食品(如薯片和炸面圈),就能够低落血液中甘油三酯和低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(有害的)的水平,同时提高高密度脂蛋白胆固醇的水平——这是助手心脏病的完善行径。

   7)carbohydrate 碳水化合物 糖类

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